It's time for the Alphabet song!
No not that one. This one:
ㄱ ㄴ ㄷ ㄹ ㅁ ㅂ ㅅ ㅇ
kiyok niun tikut riul mium piup siot iung
(g, k) (n) (d, t) (r, l) (m) (b, p) (s, sh) (ng)
ㅈ ㅊ ㅋ ㅌ ㅍ ㅎ
jiut ch'iut k'iuk t'iut pp'iup hiut
(j, ch) (ch) (k) (t) (p) (h, ng)
The above letters are consonants of the Korean alphabet. The first row, as you can see, is a Korean letter. The second row is the name of the letter. The third row is the sound it makes either at the beginning or end of the word. For example, 곡 is pronounced "gok" (We will get to the vowels later). Notice how the character is is starting with ㄱ and ending with ㄱ with a vowel in between. That's what the parentheses mean.
For more understanding on how to pronounce correctly, here is Professor Oh!
When you read Hangul, you will see three characters put together in a block. It never starts with a vowel. It can hold two or three letters, but never one. In fact, in the word "receipt", the p is silent. So, when you hear "annong haysaeyo" you'll think, wait, it starts with a vowel. That's where ㅇ comes in. If you didn't watch the video I linked, you should go to 6:30 to see her pronouncing it. Didn't hear it? That's why... It's silent at the beginning. When ㅇ is at the end, it's not silent. Professor Oh has started the vowels, so that should give you a head start on the vowels, which will be posted next!